Fire Risk Assessment
Health & Safety
Home Fire Safety
Be careful with saucepans always ensure that saucepan handles don’t stick out.
Make sure small children can’t reach saucepans.
Always make sure you follow manufacturer’s guidelines before using.
Only use the microwaves own cord, never add an extension cord to the microwave. Microwave ovens should use a separate 110 grounded circuit.
Make sure that you don’t use plastic wrappers in the microwave as they may melt.
Reduced electrical energy will effect cooking so don’t connect other appliances to the same circuit as this can also damage the microwave.
Only use safe or microwaveable containers. Never use metal products especially aluminium foil as this may cause a fire.
Make sure that you never fill your pan with more than a third with fat or oil. Always dry your food before placing in as any liquids could cause it to spit. Never leave your pan unattended when switched on . If your pan begins to smoke or the fat/oil gets to hot just switch off and leave to cool down. If it does catch fire never throw water on it use a fire blanket or a damp cloth to smother the flames.
Toaster may seem like a harmless piece of kitchen equipment but they need to be used correctly as with any electrical appliance. Always make sure that the crumb trays are kept emptied as any debris can cause the toaster to catch fire. Never place the toaster on a hob or near the sink, never immerse the appliance in water.
Also never place the toaster on its side it is not a grill and should only be used a per manufacturers instructions.
Washing Machines & Dishwashers
We would like to remind you to follow some simple safety advice when using washing machines or dishwashers.
- Don't leave the washing machine or dishwasher running overnight or while you are out.
- They are a fire risk because of their high wattage, friction and motors.
- Clean the lint tray after every load to prevent build up.
- Make sure that all vents are not covered & only vent the warm air to the outside of the building.
- Check that all pipes including vent pipe are free from kinks.
- Never leave dryer running through the night unattended as the motors etc can overheat.
- Make sure you use as per manufacturers instructions .
- Do not put rags or materials into your tumble dryer if they have been used to soak up flammable liquids.
- To avoid any build up of fat clean your grill pan after every use.
- When in use do not leave unattended
- Always check that your smoke alarm is in working order
- Never hang tea towels or cloths anywhere near the grill or hob.
- Never use if feeling tired or under the influence of alcohol.
- If for any reason the grill catches fire - get everyone out of your home and call 999
Millions of people experience fires in their kitchens due to grime.
- Half of all house fires are started by kitchen appliances.
- A third of people can’t remember the last time their oven or the area behind their fridge was cleaned, one in seven admit to regularly blocking vents with objects, and one in ten even confess to leaving flammable items next to heat sources.
- A fifth of people confess to putting themselves at risk because they are just too lazy to clean as well as they should.
- Never allow water near sockets or use with wet hands
- Before going to bed make sure that you turn off portable heaters.
- Always follow the manufacturer's instructions.
- Make sure that if using a portable heater you do so in a well ventilated room.
- Only use if you have a permanent safety guard and make sure it is kept clean and well maintained.
- Whatever type of heater you use, do not
- Whilst the heater is switched on never move.
- Clothing may ignite so never stand or sit too close or dry cloths over the heater.
- Be careful with bedding and curtains never place too close to furniture.
- Only place heaters in a safe place where that will not be knocked over.
- Don’t leave unattended especially where animals or young children are.
Always check wiring look out for signs of wear or loose wiring, scorch marks. Make sure that plugs and sockets do not get hot . Circuit breaker that seem to trip for no reason or flickering lights can be a sign of an electrical problem. Check and replace old cables and leads, especially if they are hidden from view - e.g. under carpets or behind furniture.
Always check the maximum current rating on any extension cable by plugging in appliances which overload the cable it can cause the wall socket to overheat and possibly cause a fire. Only use one plug per socket and when buying an electrical appliance make sure that it has British or European safety mark on it. Try to unplug when not in use or when going to bed.
Don't smoke in a soft chair or sofa if you think you may fall asleep & never smoke in bed. Don't leave a lit cigarette, cigar, or pipe lying around. Stub cigarettes out properly and always dispose of them carefully. Make sure smoking materials are cold before emptying ashtrays - preferably wet them before throwing them into a bin.
Only purchase an e-cigarette from a reputable source.
Never mix components from different e-cigarettes and only use the charger provided.
Whilst charging never leave unattended or for long periods of time as it can overheat.
To celebrate or create a special atmosphere candles are used often in our homes . Many people forget that this is bringing fire in and should be treated with great care. Never leave candles unattended and make sure that they are kept on a heat resistant surface preferably in a candle holder. Do not place anywhere near curtains or any fabrics which could catch fire this also goes for clothing and hair. Always make sure that the candles are extinguished when not in use.
Fairy lights are a beautiful way to brightened up your Christmas tree but can also be a hazard so make sure that you check that the right fuses are in use so as not to overload. If there is any blown bulbs replace before use.
Always turn off fairy lights before going out or going to bed.
Never overload the sockets.
Be careful using any decorations made of light tissue paper or cardboard as these burn easily.
Never place decorations to close to bulbs on the tree as these can get hot.
Never place decorations on lights or heaters.
Don’t put them immediately above or around the fireplace.
Keep them away from candles.
If you decide to go for an artificial tree check for the fire retardant label. Only buy a tree that clearly states it is certified fire retardant.
Make sure that your tree does not block any exits or ways out as a Christmas tree can pose another potential fire hazard.
Do not place your tree near any other heat source such as radiators or your fireplace.
Use your electric blanket safely
- Make sure you follow the manufacturers instructions before using.
- Only use the blanket for its intended usage for example never use an electric underblanket as an electric overblanket, and vice versa.
- Make sure that to prevent slipping and creasing electric underblankets are secured to the bed or mattress as this could cause them damage.
- Make sure that your disconnect and switch off the blanket at night when in bed unless it has a thermostatic control for safe all night usage.
- If your blanket gets wet do not use and never switch it on to dry.
Electric Blanket danger signs
- Fraying fabric.
- Scorch marks.
- Exposed elements.
- Creasing or folding.
- Damp patches.
- Tie tapes damaged or missing.
- Worn flex.
- Loose connections.
The use in hair straighteners has seen a rise in accidents and a large portion of burning incidents were found to be found to be due to children coming into contact with hair straighteners. Hair straighteners typically reach a very high temperature somewhere in the region of 220°C, and they take a long time to cool down. A lot of people are unaware that even after been switched off and unplugged , they can still burn a child up to 8 minutes after.
What happened after leaving phone charger plugged in overnight.
- When not in use phone chargers should be switched off and only turned on when needed.
- Never leave your charger on through the night and never leave it on bed .
- Make sure that the charger you use if right for your product. If you need to replace make sure that it is a genuine product and bought from a reputable source as some advertised as genuine on online shopping or auction sites may not always be authentic.
- Do not over charge your product - once your item is fully charged, disconnect it and turn the charger off.
You are more at risk from fire whilst asleep so it’s a good idea to check before going to bed.
Check that all electrical appliances are unplugged and switched off unless they are designed to be left on for example your Fridge/Freezer. Make sure that all exits are clear and not blocked in the event your need to evacuate in the night.
Check that Washing machine/Cooker etc are all off and any candles or cigarettes used are all extinguished correctly. Close any inside doors to stop the chance of fire spreading and keep all door and window keys in a place where everyone can find then easily if needed.
Mirrors & sunlight
These are pictures of a sunlight blaze which was caused by a mirror focussing rays onto bedding. Be careful when placing mirrors crystal balls or even bottles of water on your window sill as the sunrays can have a very bad effect. Top tip
Barbecue’s are an enjoyable activity but as with everything things can get out of control.
- Only use your barbecue if it is good working order.
- Make sure that children, pets are kept well away from the cooking area.
- When setting up make sure that you do so in a safe flat area away from trees, shrubs etc.
- As always never leave the barbecue unattended and keep a bucket of water/sand close by in case of emergency.
- Do not attempt to move or put away until it is completely cooled down.
A fire anywhere is dangerous or even deadly but garage fires can often cause more devastation. As with a house fire you may detect this quickly a garage fire can take a lot longer to be found which can cause them to spread more quickly. Most people store combustible items and their garages and a simple spark can lead to a fire or even an explosion so make sure you are careful of what is stored. It is always better to keep these items in your garage rather than your home but make sure that they are stored correctly and the garage is clean and clear from any clutter or rubbish in case the worse should happen.
FIREWORKS & BONFIRES
Fireworks are fun but they are also dangerous. If you are not going to an organised fireworks event and plan to set off fireworks of your own, make sure that everyone know how to deal with them safely.
Fireworks Safety Code:
- Only buy fireworks marked BS 7114
- Don’t drink alchol if setting off fireworks
- Keep fireworks in a closed box
- Follow the instructions on each firework
- Light them at arm’s length, using a taper
- Stand well back
- Never go near a firework that has been lit. Even if it hasn’t gone off, it could still explode.
- Never put fireworks in your pocket or throw them.
- Always supervise children around fireworks.
- Light sparklers one at a time and wear gloves.
- Never give sparklers to children under five.
- Keep pets indoors.
- Don’t set off noisy fireworks late at night and v=never after 11pm.
Bonfire Safety Tips
If you have a bonfire, follow these simple guidelines
- So they can be aware warn your neighbours beforehand
- To prevent excessive smoke only burn dry material, do not burn anything which is wet or damp.
- When building the bonfire make sure it is away from sheds, fences and trees and not under any cables.
- Do not use any accelerantes on the fire as these can quickly get out of control.
- In case of emergencies keep a bucket of water or garden hose nearby.
- Never leave the bonfire unattended and make sure children and pets are kept well away.
- Don’t throw anything onto the fire that could be conbustable or cause toxic fumes to be made such as paint tins, tyres aerosols. And some containers could even explode causing injury.
- Once the bonfire has died down, spray the embers with water to stop it reigniting
GENERAL FIRE PREVENTION
You can avoid fires in your home by having a working smoke alarm. Smoke alarms are a crucial step towards protecting yourself from fire, but what would you do if it went off during the night? Have a plan ready for an emergency!
Fit smoke alarms on every level of your home
Test the batteries in your alarm once a week. Never remove them
Stub cigarettes out properly and dispose of them carefully
Don't tackle fires yourself - Get out, stay out and call 999
Make a bedtime check of your home before you go to bed. Close inside doors at night to prevent fire from spreading
Plan an escape route and make sure everyone knows how to escape
Avoid leaving children alone when cooking on the hob - keep matches and saucepan handles out of their reach
Take care when cooking with hot oil
Don't overload sockets - try to keep one plug per socket
Ensure candles are secured in a proper holder and kept away from curtains and fabric
HEAT RESISTANT MATERIALS
Furniture and Furnishings (Fire Safety) Regulations 1988/1989, 1993 and 2010
The Furniture and Furnishings (Fire Safety) Regulations 1988 (amended 1989 and 1993) are UK law and are designed to ensure that upholstery components and composites used for furniture supplied in the UK meet specified ignition resistance levels and are suitable labelled.
Products covered by the Regulations comprise six groups (A to F)
A) All types of upholstered seating including chairs, settees, padded stools and ottomans. Children’s furniture, foot stools, sofa-beds, futons and other convertibles, bean bags and floor cushions, nursery furniture and upholstered items designed to contain a baby or small child. Domestic upholstered furniture that is supplied in kit form for self-assembly. Second hand furniture, upholstered head-boards, footboards and side rails of beds.
B) Furniture for use in the open air (garden and outdoor furniture) which is suitable for use in a dwelling (homes and caravans), upholstery in caravans (although not vehicles or boats). Cane furniture which includes upholstery.
C) Divans, bed-bases, mattresses, pillows, and mattress pads (toppers) (FILLING MATERIAL ONLY)
D) Scatter cushions and seat pads (FILLING MATERIAL ONLY)
E) Permanent covers for furniture (textiles, coated textiles, leather etc) Loose and stretch covers for furniture. Covers for non-visible parts of furniture
F) Foam and non-foam filling material for furniture
Appropriate to new furniture which meets the filling requirements and is cigarette resistant. This applies to the likes of baby nests and the word “product” may be substituted for the word “furniture” on the second side of this label.
Appropriate to new furniture with a limited range of cover fabrics. The cover fabric is not match resistant, but the furniture has an interliner which passes the specified test. The furniture meets the filling requirements and is cigarette resistant.
Appropriate to new furniture which meets the filling requirements and is both cigarette and match resistant.
Information on a label giving full information
Example of shorter label: